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Hydrogen Refueling Stations: Safety and Sustainability
Mario Pagliaro*,a and Adolfo Iulianellib
a Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati, CNR, via U. La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo, Italy
b Istituto di Tecnologia delle Membrane, CNR, via P. Bucci, Cubo 17/C, Università degli Studi della Calabria, 87036 Rende, Italy
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Abstract  In June 2019, two hydrogen-related accidents occurred independently at a hydrogen refueling station in Norway and at a chemical plant in California while filling a truck due to supply the fuel at stations in California. The accidents raised questions about the safety and reliability of hydrogen for powering both fuel cell electric vehicles and buildings. As a preventive measure, for instance, Germany and Norway closed the hydrogen refueling stations from the same manufacturer of Norway accident, while the hydrogen manufacturer in California ceased supply of hydrogen fuel for more than three months. It is significant to review the outcomes of the two accidents in the context of the emerging solar economy, in which H2 is locally produced from water via simple electrolysis using renewable electricity. This study provides an insight and selected recommendations aiming at hydrogen companies, professionals and trainers and educators in renewable energy and clean technology.
Keywords hydrogen refueling station      hydrogen safety      hydrogen energy      water electrolysis     
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Corresponding Authors: mario.pagliaro@cnr.it (M. P.)   
Online First Date: 12 October 2019   
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Mario Pagliaro,Adolfo Iulianelli. Hydrogen Refueling Stations: Safety and Sustainability[J]. General Chemistry, 12 October 2019. [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.21127/yaoyigc20190029.
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http://www.genchemistry.org/EN/10.21127/yaoyigc20190029    
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