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General Chemistry ›› 2021, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (3): 200022-200022.DOI: 10.21127/yaoyigc20200022

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Electrospinning as an Important Tool for Fabrication of Nanofibers for Advanced Applications—a Brief Review

Merin Sara Thomas,a Prasanth K. S. Pillai,*,b,c Scott C. Farrowc, Laly A. Pothan,*,b and Sabu Thomasb   

  1. a Department of Chemistry, Mar Thoma College, Thiruvalla, Kerala, India
    b IIUCNN, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India
    c Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, ON, Canada
  • Received:2020-12-02 Revised:2021-02-12 Online:2021-08-30 Published:2021-09-27
  • Contact: Email: prasanthpillai42@gmail.com (P. K. S. P.); lapothan@gmail.com (L. A. P.)
  • Supported by:

Abstract: Nanomaterials are attracting renewed interest due to their novel properties, which are not seen in their conventional micro state counterparts. They are used in advanced applications in the fields of catalysis, medicine, electronics, optics and membranes. Electrospinning is one of the simplest and cheapest methods to make nano-porous polymer membranes, and these offer a large surface area-to-volume ratio, high porosity and small pore size. These electrospun nonwoven mats could be employed in myriad applications ranging from filtration, sensors, electrode materials, drug delivery, cosmetics, and tissue scaffolding. This technique can introduce novel functional characteristics, and hence by changing the basic experimental set up, solvent, solution and polymer characteristics can alter the composition, morphology, and porosity of the processed material. The unique structural and functional characteristics inherited at submicron to nanoscale dimensions via electrospinning makes it an attractive technique for advanced industrial applications.


Key words: electrospinning, biomedical, nanofibers, polylactic acid, chitosan

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